In today we find that In spite of various measures like prescribing codes of conduct, setting up vigilance cells/ commissions, RTI, active media and strengthening of legal mechanism, corrupt practices are not coming under control. Evaluate the effectiveness of these measures with justifications. (Civil Services Examination 2015) . The present initiatives have met with limited success in curbing corruption.
The main reasons for Corruption are
Code of conduct is the some of the main key initiatives needed to be taken control, they have been defined comprehensively, but lack of strict enforcement, mechanism, use of legal language and different interpretations make them of little use lack of revision is another problem. Vigilance cells/commissions they have been effective in unearthing many corruption cases but due to lack of autonomy and limited powers along with political intervention, they have not been able to make much difference eg.
CBI was recently referred to as a caged parrot by the supreme court. RTI Active Media they have been successful in unearthing many scams like 2G scam, coal block allocation scam, etc..but they are also misused sometimes also killing of RTI activities pose a challenge. All these obstacles have limited their effectiveness.
Legislative Measures though with time, amendments have been done to curb various types of corrupt practices, but implementation and regulatory mechanism are weak. this provides loopholes to the corrupt people. Judicial measures They are expensive,time-taking and difficult to be understood by an ordinary citizen. These limitations have made the judiciary ineffective in providing justice to the people.
suggest more effective stratagies to tackle corruption (Civil Services Examination 2015)
A multipronged approach is required to tackle the menace of corruption by using persuasion punishment and prevention(3P’s). This approch can target every facet of corruption.
Preventive measures are
By reducing discretionary powers with the help of e-governance. By increasing transparency and accountability by laws like RTI act, Citizen’s charter and whistleblower act
Punishment/deterrent corruption practice measures are
Strict formulation and implementation of corruption laws and fast disposal of these cases. By formulating a comprehensive performance appraisal mechanism. Appointing and strengthening Lokpal/ Lokayukta in every state.
Changing the attitude of people towards corruption by making them understand that bribe giver is also responsible for spreading corruption and by spreading awareness about the corruption-related laws. Inculcating moral values in children so that they can motivate their subordinates. In all, citizens have to realise the harmful effects of corruption, if we really need to eradicate this menace.
what do you understand by the term ‘voice of conscience’?How do you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? (Civil Services Examination 2013)
Conscience may be defined as the special act of mind that comes into being when the intellect passes judgement on the merit of a particular act, it is not a feeling or an emotion but a particular judgement on the morality of an action. voice of conscience is the inner voice which helps in making ethical decisions.
it assumes significance in situations, where there are no rules or laws to guide the behaviour.it tells us whether the action we have taken or are about to take is right/wrong, ethical/unethical. To heed to the voice conscience, the first requirement is to free oneself from external influences and selfish interests. one should pause and think about all the dimensions of the issue before making the decision. practising the power of silence in such a situation can also be useful.
what is meant by crisis of conscience’?narrate one incident in your life, when you were faced with such a crisis and how you resolve(Civil Services Examination 2013)
The ‘crisis of conscience’ Is a situation in which it is difficult to decide, what is the right thing to do. the individual feels that he has done something wrong because he acted contrary to his voice of conscience or he cannot act in accordance with the voice of conscience in the immediate situation. In my school days,I used to fight a lot. there was an enemy group. once one of the members of the group met with a small accident and was crying for help. initially, I neglected his call and tried to move away but suddenly I realised that this is not the right time for showing rivalry and I should help him. so,I resolved this crisis of conscience by understanding the need of the situation with a humane angle.